Raise Sql Error In Oracle
Churchill Run-time errors arise from design faults, coding mistakes, hardware failures, and many other sources.
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Although you cannot anticipate all possible errors, you can plan oracle raise_application_error to handle certain kinds of errors meaningful to your PL/SQL program. With many programming languages, unless
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you disable error checking, a run-time error such as stack overflow or division by zero stops normal processing and returns control to the operating system. With raise user defined exception in oracle stored procedure PL/SQL, a mechanism called exception handling lets you "bulletproof" your program so that it can continue operating in the presence of errors. This chapter discusses the following topics: Overview of PL/SQL Error Handling Advantages of PL/SQL Exceptions Predefined PL/SQL Exceptions Defining Your Own PL/SQL Exceptions How PL/SQL Exceptions Are Raised How PL/SQL oracle user defined exception code range Exceptions Propagate Reraising a PL/SQL Exception Handling Raised PL/SQL Exceptions Tips for Handling PL/SQL Errors Overview of PL/SQL Error Handling In PL/SQL, a warning or error condition is called an exception. Exceptions can be internally defined (by the run-time system) or user defined. Examples of internally defined exceptions include division by zero and out of memory. Some common internal exceptions have predefined names, such as ZERO_DIVIDE and STORAGE_ERROR. The other internal exceptions can be given names. You can define exceptions of your own in the declarative part of any PL/SQL block, subprogram, or package. For example, you might define an exception named insufficient_funds to flag overdrawn bank accounts. Unlike internal exceptions, user-defined exceptions must be given names. When an error occurs, an exception is raised. That is, normal execution stops and control transfers to the exception-handling part of your PL/SQL block or subprogram. Internal exceptions are raised implicitly (automatically) by the run-time system. User-def
user-defined exceptions whose names you decide. For more information, see "Defining Your Own PL/SQL
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Exceptions". Syntax raise statement ::= Description of the illustration raise_statement.gif raise without exception name oracle Keyword and Parameter Description exception_name A predefined or user-defined exception. For a list of
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the predefined exceptions, see "Summary of Predefined PL/SQL Exceptions". Usage Notes PL/SQL blocks and subprograms should RAISE an exception only when an error https://docs.oracle.com/cd/A97630_01/appdev.920/a96624/07_errs.htm makes it impractical to continue processing. You can code a RAISE statement for a given exception anywhere within the scope of that exception. When an exception is raised, if PL/SQL cannot find a handler for it in the current block, the exception propagates to successive enclosing blocks, until http://docs.oracle.com/cd/B19306_01/appdev.102/b14261/raise_statement.htm a handler is found or there are no more blocks to search. If no handler is found, PL/SQL returns an unhandled exception error to the host environment. In an exception handler, you can omit the exception name in a RAISE statement, which raises the current exception again. This technique allows you to take some initial corrective action (perhaps just logging the problem), then pass control to another handler that does more extensive correction. When an exception is reraised, the first block searched is the enclosing block, not the current block. Examples For examples, see the following: Example 1-12, "Creating a Stored Subprogram" Example 9-3, "Creating the emp_admin Package" Example 10-3, "Scope of PL/SQL Exceptions" Example 10-9, "Reraising a PL/SQL Exception" Related Topics "Exception Definition" Scripting on this page enhances content navigation, but does not change the content in any way.
Basic Syntax PL/SQL - Data Types PL/SQL - Variables PL/SQL - Constants PL/SQL - Operators PL/SQL - Conditions PL/SQL - Loops PL/SQL - Strings PL/SQL - Arrays PL/SQL - Procedures PL/SQL - Functions PL/SQL - Cursors PL/SQL - Records PL/SQL - Exceptions PL/SQL - Triggers PL/SQL - Packages PL/SQL - Collections PL/SQL - Transactions PL/SQL - Date & Time PL/SQL - DBMS Output PL/SQL - Object Oriented PL/SQL Useful Resources PL/SQL - Questions and Answers PL/SQL - Quick Guide PL/SQL - Useful Resources PL/SQL - Discussion Selected Reading Developer's Best Practices Questions and Answers Effective Resume Writing HR Interview Questions Computer Glossary Who is Who PL/SQL - Exceptions Advertisements Previous Page Next Page An error condition during a program execution is called an exception in PL/SQL. PL/SQL supports programmers to catch such conditions using EXCEPTION block in the program and an appropriate action is taken against the error condition. There are two types of exceptions: System-defined exceptions User-defined exceptions Syntax for Exception Handling The General Syntax for exception handling is as follows. Here you can list down as many as exceptions you want to handle. The default exception will be handled using WHEN others THEN: DECLARE