catch error in sql server stored procedure
Procedure Input Parameters Output Parameters Try ... Catch Commenting Code Naming Conventions SET NOCOUNT ON DROP Procedure ALTER Procedure Get Free SQL Tips Tutorial Items Introduction Creating Stored Procedures Simple Stored Procedure Input Parameters Output try catch block in sql server stored procedure Parameters Try ... Catch Commenting Code Naming Conventions SET NOCOUNT ON DROP Procedure sql server stored procedure error handling ALTER Procedure Get Free SQL Tips << Previous Next >> By: Greg Robidoux Overview A great new option that was added sql server 2005 stored procedure error handling in SQL Server 2005 was the ability to use the Try..Catch paradigm that exists in other development languages. Doing error handling in SQL Server has not always been the easiest thing, so this option definitely sql server stored procedure error handling best practices makes it much easier to code for and handle errors. Explanation If you are not familiar with the Try...Catch paradigm it is basically two blocks of code with your stored procedures that lets you execute some code, this is the Try section and if there are errors they are handled in the Catch section. Let's take a look at an example of how this can be done. As you can
Sql Server Stored Procedure Return Errorsee we are using a basic SELECT statement that is contained within the TRY section, but for some reason if this fails it will run the code in the CATCH section and return the error information. CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.uspTryCatchTest AS BEGIN TRY SELECT 1/0 END TRY BEGIN CATCH SELECT ERROR_NUMBER() AS ErrorNumber ,ERROR_SEVERITY() AS ErrorSeverity ,ERROR_STATE() AS ErrorState ,ERROR_PROCEDURE() AS ErrorProcedure ,ERROR_LINE() AS ErrorLine ,ERROR_MESSAGE() AS ErrorMessage; END CATCH << Previous Next >> More SQL Server Solutions Post a comment or let the author know this tip helped. All comments are reviewed, so stay on subject or we may delete your comment. Note: your email address is not published. Required fields are marked with an asterisk (*). *Name *Email Notify for updates *** NOTE *** - If you want to include code from SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) in your post, please copy the code from SSMS and paste the code into a text editor like NotePad before copying the code below to remove the SSMS formatting. Get free SQL tips: *Enter Code Friday, September 09, 2016 - 10:23:25 PM - Akahay Bairagi Back To Top Very simple explanation and useful.. Can I get info on do
Errors in SQL Server 2012 03 January 2013Handling Errors in SQL Server 2012The error handling of SQL Server has always been somewhat mysterious.
Sql Server Stored Procedure Return Error ValueNow at last, the THROW statement has been included in SQL Server sql server stored procedure return error message 2012 that, combined with the TRY ... CATCH block, makes error handling far easier. Robert Sheldon explains all. 193 14 sql server stored procedure throw error Robert Sheldon Since the release of SQL Server 2005, you've been able to handle errors in your T-SQL code by including a TRY…CATCH block that controls the flow of your script https://www.mssqltips.com/sqlservertutorial/164/using-try-catch-in-sql-server-stored-procedures/ should an error occur, similar to how procedural languages have traditionally handled errors. The TRY…CATCH block makes it easy to return or audit error-related data, as well as take other actions. And within the block-specifically, the CATCH portion-you've been able to include a RAISERROR statement in order to re-throw error-related data to the calling application. However, with the release of SQL Server 2012, you https://www.simple-talk.com/sql/database-administration/handling-errors-in-sql-server-2012/ now have a replacement for RAISERROR, the THROW statement, which makes it easier than ever to capture the error-related data. In this article, we'll look at the TRY…CATCH block used with both the RAISERROR and THROW statements. The examples are based on a table I created in the AdventureWorks2012 sample database, on a local instance of SQL Server 2012. Listing 1 shows the T-SQL script I used to create the LastYearSales table. 123456789101112131415161718 USE AdventureWorks2012;GOIF OBJECT_ID('LastYearSales', 'U') IS NOT NULLDROP TABLE LastYearSales;GOSELECTBusinessEntityID AS SalesPersonID,FirstName + ' ' + LastName AS FullName,SalesLastYearINTOLastYearSalesFROMSales.vSalesPersonWHERESalesLastYear > 0;GO Listing 1: Creating the LastYearSales table The script should be fairly straightforward. I use a SELECT…INTO statement to retrieve data from the Sales.vSalesPerson view and insert it into the newly created table. However, to demonstrate how to handle errors, we need to add one more element to our table: a check constraint that ensures the SalesLastYear value is never less than zero. Listing 2 shows the ALTERTABLE statement I used to add the constraint. 123 ALTER TABLE LastYearSalesADD CONSTRAINT ckSalesTotal CHECK (SalesLastYear >= 0);GO Listing 2: Adding a check constraint to the LastYearSales table The constraint ma
here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have Meta Discuss the http://stackoverflow.com/questions/13647437/how-to-get-sql-error-in-stored-procedure workings and policies of this site About Us Learn more about Stack http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1480881/how-to-add-a-try-catch-to-sql-stored-procedure Overflow the company Business Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us Stack Overflow Questions Jobs Documentation Tags Users Badges Ask Question x Dismiss Join the Stack Overflow Community Stack Overflow is a community of 4.7 million programmers, just like you, helping each other. Join them; sql server it only takes a minute: Sign up How to get sql error in stored procedure up vote 5 down vote favorite 3 I'm using SQL Server 2005. I created a stored procedure which works most of the time, but I found an instance of where it doesn't do what I want. Currently, the code does something like this if sql server stored @@error <> 0 begin select @message_error = "There was a database error adding product "+ @product + " to product line end Where @message_error is an output variable. So, I can select @@error and get a number, but all I really want is the SQL error. Something like Hey, I couldn't do this because there is a fk constraint on this column or whatever. I found this article on msdn http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms178592(v=sql.90).aspx But it only goes over throwing custom exceptions with RAISERROR, I don't want to create my own error message or exception, I just want to know why stuff isn't working. I can execute the stored procedure through Management Studio and see the exact SQL error, but this is tedious trying to match data from the site and manually inserting it that way. How do I get the SQL error text into an output variable? sql sql-server tsql sql-server-2005 stored-procedures share|improve this question edited Nov 30 '12 at 14:53 marc_s 450k918621027 asked Nov 30 '12 at 14:47 Steve G 2,39452347 2 Have you looked at ERROR_MESS
here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have Meta Discuss the workings and policies of this site About Us Learn more about Stack Overflow the company Business Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us Stack Overflow Questions Jobs Documentation Tags Users Badges Ask Question x Dismiss Join the Stack Overflow Community Stack Overflow is a community of 4.7 million programmers, just like you, helping each other. Join them; it only takes a minute: Sign up How to add a Try/Catch to SQL Stored Procedure up vote 11 down vote favorite 3 CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[PL_GEN_PROVN_NO1] @GAD_COMP_CODE VARCHAR(2) =NULL, @@voucher_no numeric =null output AS BEGIN DECLARE @NUM NUMERIC DECLARE @PNO NUMERIC SET @PNO = 0 DECLARE @PNO1 NUMERIC SET @PNO1=0 -- begin transaction IF NOT EXISTS (select GLDC_NEXT_PRV_NO FROM GLAS_FINANCIAL_DOCUMENTS WHERE GLDC_COMP_CODE = @GAD_COMP_CODE AND GLDC_DOC_CODE = 'JV' ) BEGIN RAISERROR ('Error in generating provision number..',16,1) -- ROLLBACK TRANSACTION END ELSE SELECT @PNO=ISNULL(GLDC_NEXT_PRV_NO,0)+1 FROM GLAS_FINANCIAL_DOCUMENTS WHERE GLDC_COMP_CODE = @GAD_COMP_CODE AND GLDC_DOC_CODE = 'JV' UPDATE GLAS_FINANCIAL_DOCUMENTS SET GLDC_NEXT_PRV_NO = @PNO WHERE GLDC_COMP_CODE = @GAD_COMP_CODE AND GLDC_DOC_CODE = 'JV' set @@VOUCHER_NO=@PNO --commit transaction END In this proc how can I handle try catch for exception? sql sql-server tsql try-catch share|improve this question edited Nov 11 '09 at 14:05 marc_s 450k918621027 asked Sep 26 '09 at 9:51 Domnic 83271647 Its sad but I have this at work two - people insist on writing SQL in caps! –Preet Sangha Sep 26 '09 at 13:22 add a comment| 4 Answers 4 active oldest votes up vote 14 down vote accepted See here CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[PL_GEN_PROVN_NO1] @GAD_COMP_CODE VARCHAR(2) =NULL, @@voucher_no numeric =null output AS BEGIN begin try -- your proc code end try begin catch -- what you want to do in catch end catch END -- proc end share|improve this answer answered Sep 26 '09 at 13:25 Preet Sangha 47.3k1493155 add a comment| up vote 13 down vote Transact-SQL is a bit more tricky that C# or C++ try/catch blocks, because of the added complexity of transactions. A CATCH block has to check the xact_state() function and decide whether it can commit or has to rollback. I have covered the topic in my blog and I have an article that shows how to correctly handle transactions in with a try catch block, including possible nested transact